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Social and economic legislation occupied a great deal of time in Elizabethan Parliaments and was considered, after the granting of taxation, to be the primary function of the House of Commons.
Hundreds of bills were initiated concerning industries such as the manufacture and trade of cloth,...
Elizabeth defined the role of Parliament in her eyes by instructing the Commons to ‘meddle with noe matters of state but such as should be propounded unto them, and to occupy themselves in other matters concerning the commen wealth’.
( and royal policy such as the granting of licences to enforce penal statutes or trade in prohibited commodities, and patents to protect new inventions and industries.
( protests against monopolies were referred to an investigating committee who drafted a petition that was delivered by the Speaker at the close of the session. 242.) In fact very few were cancelled, and new patents continued to be issued.
Elizabeth responded by graciously defending her prerogative ‘which is the chiefest flower in her garland and the principall and head pearle in her crowne and dyadem’, and claimed that having already begun to review offensive grants ‘soe she promiseth to continewe and that they shall all be examined to abide the tryall and true touchstone of the lawe’. By 1601 many MPs were determined to hold Elizabeth to her word and demanded not just that abuses be addressed but that the legality of all such grants be challenged: a clash over the prerogative was therefore unavoidable.
To protect the bridge from further erosion, large bags of aggregate will be lifted by crane into the river.
It is unclear what caused it to collapse although a crack had developed over Christmas.
Numerous Members brought in evidence that the ‘principallest commodityes ...We don't understand what's caused it, because there has been no traffic going over it for a few years.'We'll be taking every step to make sure it is safe, and that it is fixed.'We are very hopeful the bridge is repairable.The fact it has managed to survive 500 years indicates we can do something to make to stay for 500 more.' Woolbridge Manor was once owned by descendants of Sir Payne de Turberville, who arrived in England during the Norman conquest of 1066.The patent system was originally intended to foster economic growth, encourage investment and enterprise, and create employment for the poor; however, patents of monopoly also provided a source of extra-parliamentary revenue to the Crown and were a means of rewarding courtiers who brought new ‘projects’ to the queen’s attention.For this reason an increasing number were issued from the late 1580s onwards, including some that were nothing more than sinecures.