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The chain of causality between the tsunami and the changes in the local atmospheric conditions is suggested.).
Tropical cyclones, for example, obtain their energy from the evaporation of water from the ocean surface and eventually recondense into clouds and rain when the moist air rises and cools to saturation.
Section 3 discusses results, and section 4 is discussion.).
The Bo B is a semi-enclosed basin bordered by Sri Lanka and India to the west, Bangladesh to the north, and Myanmar and the northern part of the Malay Peninsula and Sumatra Island to the east.
This tsunami was caused by the Sumatra–Andaman earthquake, which is an undersea megathrust earthquake that occurred at Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) on 26 December 2004, with an epicenter off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia (Lay et al. The Indian Ocean tsunami resulted in catastrophic losses of over 230,000 human lives and massive damage to housing, utilities, roads, and bridges in 12 countries around the Indian Ocean (Lay et al. Due to large displacement and strong vertical mixing of the ocean water caused by this tsunami, some physical and chemical variables of the ocean water, such as the sea surface temperature (SST), salinity, dissolved oxygen, and nutrients exhibited post-tsunami changes in the northern Indian Ocean (Anilkumar et al. The upper ocean thermocline structure in the Bay of Bengal (Bo B) was modified after the tsunami with the surface mixed layer thickness reduced by 10 to 30 m, due mainly to the tsunami-induced vertical entrainment (Luis et al. The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami also modulated the local atmospheric conditions.
It was reported that both the water vapor loading and winds in the boundary layer of the Bo B were affected by this tsunami (Agarwal et al. Abnormal changes of atmospheric conditions, such as a decrease in the sea level air pressure by 0.6 h Pa, an increase in the relative humidity by 30 %, and a prominent reduction in the air temperature by more than 3 °C on the day of the tsunami along the Indian coasts, were also observed on 26 December 2004 (Vishnu et al.
This study examines changes in the local oceanographic and atmospheric conditions over the southern Bay of Bengal and adjacent Indian Ocean waters after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami based on satellite remote sensing data and atmospheric reanalysis fields.
From November to April, the northeast (winter) monsoon prevails, with northeasterly winds blowing from the high atmospheric pressure area over the Asian continent into the north of the bay (Potemra et al. From June to September, by comparison, the rain-bearing southwest (summer) monsoon prevails, and intense heat produces a low-pressure system over the continent and a subsequent airflow from the ocean.
The hydrographic conditions in the bay are determined largely by the monsoon winds and hydrographic characteristics of deep waters in the Indian Ocean.
represent positions and speeds of two tropical storms known as Unisys 1 and 2 which swept the offshore area to the southeast of Sri Lanka.
The satellite data and atmospheric reanalysis data over the small area marked by a The local climate of the Bo B is dominated by monsoons.
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