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From the Cape colony, the settlers were sent to Algoa Bay, known today as Port Elizabeth.
During the early years of Dutch occupation, the focus was primarily on agriculture.
Fort de Goede Hoop – a fort with four corners made of mud, clay and timber – was built in the middle of what is today Adderley Street.
They used a kind of powder in the castings, plumbago.However, a few months after their arrival in the Cape, the Dutch Republic and England became engaged in a naval war (10 July 1652 to 5 April 1654).This meant that the completion of the fort became urgent.After the Napoleonic wars, Britain experienced a serious unemployment problem.Therefore, encouraged by the British government to immigrate to the Cape colony, the first 1820 settlers arrived in Table Bay on board the Nautilus and the Chapman on 17 March 1820.
As a result their food dwindled and at the end of the winter approximately 19 men had died.